We’ve tackled lots about melasma – the most common skin pigment disorder. While countless treatments effectively combat this skin condition, addressing underlying causes is crucial to cure melasma of the inside.  

What Is Melasma? A Recap. 

Melasma is a hyperpigmentation disorder most commonly affecting women with darker skin. It appears as dark splotches or spots on the skin, which can range from brown and gray, to bluish, depending on the skin tone. The pigmentation, called melanin, happens as the skin responds to environmental stressors, including pollution, blue light, ultraviolet rays, hormonal changes, or harsh skin products.  

The spots usually appear as bilateral irregular brown macules and patches, mostly seen on sun-exposed areas like the face and forearms.  

The stimulation of melasma goes beyond melanocytes, but it also involves the interaction of mast cells, keratinocytes, disruption of the basement membrane, gene regulation alterations, and neovascularization. This complex disease process makes melasma a very hard target.  

Causes Of Melasma 

The exact cause of melasma is still unclear. More research is needed to fully understand how it happens. Researchers have found, however, that when someone has melasma, the cells that give skin its color, called melanocytes, tend to be more active.  

Melasma occurs when something triggers the skin cells to go into overdrive. The condition is often tied to the female hormones, estrogen, and progesterone. Women are at a higher risk of developing melasma when they take birth control pills, or are pregnant.  

Another potential cause of melasma is sun exposure. When the skin is exposed to the ultraviolet rays of the sun, it triggers the body to produce more melanin. This explains why melasma is observed in the areas of the skin often exposed to the sun, including the face, arms, and neck.  

Some medicines can also trigger melasma such as anti-seizure drugs, birth control pills, and medications that make the skin more sensitive to the sun, including antibiotics, blood pressure medications, and retinoids.  

Thyroid disease can also trigger melasma. When something is wrong with the thyroid, there is also a heightened risk of developing melasma.  

How To Cure Melasma From The Inside 

Melasma may go away on its own. This occurs when a trigger, like taking medicines or pregnancy, causes melasma. After taking the medicine or delivery of the baby, the skin patches face until they disappear.  

However, melasma can also last for years, or even a lifetime. Treating melasma is important to attain smooth and clear skin.  

There are various ways to treat melasma from the inside.  

  1. Sun Protection and Whitening Agents Prescribed by Dermatologists Is Key 

One of the ways to treat melasma is sun protection. Sun exposure triggers melasma but along with it, other forms of heat and light also play a pivotal role in its development. 

To treat melasma, shunning the sun completely is important. Wear protective clothing and sunscreen when spending time under the sun. Take oral over-the-counter drug like Pynocare which treats and prevents skin diseases caused by too much sun exposure such as melasma.

  1. Re-balancing Hormones 

Hormonal changes can trigger melasma. This explains why women suffer from melasma more than men. Abnormal hormone levels trigger melanocyte formation. Pregnancy is a common condition that can stimulate melanocytes.  

To rebalance hormone levels, it is crucial to determine the main cause. For pregnant women, delivering the baby can cease melanin formation and the patches may go away on their own in time. However, other health conditions can also cause melasma formation, including stress, thyroid problems, and poor liver health. Treating these conditions first can help combat melasma.  

  1. Liver Support 

The liver is an important body organ that helps in digestion. Aside from that, it is vital in regulating sex hormones, thyroid hormones, and stress hormones. If the liver can’t detoxify these excess hormones, an imbalance happens and it can cause melasma.  

Supporting the liver can help treat melasma from the inside. These include adding more fiber to the diet, limiting alcohol intake, eating a well-balanced diet, and using milk thistle, a long-trusted liver support herb.  

  1. More On Antioxidants 

Antioxidants are good for skin health. They help repair damaged skin cells and can lighten the skin patches caused by melasma. Vitamin E, lycopene, Vitamin C, and beta carotene, among others. These vitamins can be taken internally through diet or supplements, or applied on the skin in the form of skin care products, topical lotions, and serums.  

For instance, the product Pynocare contains mostly antioxidants like ascorbic acid and beta carotene to fight off melasma. It also contains Procyanidin, a type of flavonoid, and d-Alpha-Tocopheryl Acetate, a type of vitamin E.  

  1. Adopt Healthy Habits 

Treating melasma from the inside entails adopting healthy habits. Aside from melasma, these habits can help combat other diseases as well.  

First, drink lots of water about 8 to 10 glasses every day, avoid late-night work or spending too much time on mobile or watching the television, sleep for about 8 hours a day, and avoid cigarette smoking.  

It is also important to limit alcohol intake, avoid fatty foods, eat more fruits and vegetables, and exercise regularly.  

  1. Keep Calm 

Another way to help treat melasma from the inside is by making sure you have a calm and relaxed mind. Improving mental health and warding off stress can help combat melasma. Minimizing the impact of stress on the body and mind is vital. You can do this by doing meditation, making sure you relax and recharge after work, and practicing deep breathing exercises.  

Takeaway 

Melasma can impact not only the skin but also one’s self-esteem and body image. Treating it goes more than just focusing on the skin patches. Finding the root cause and treating it from the inside can go a long way, as these can help cure melasma.  

Remember, results take time. Following your treatment plan diligently will help achieve clear and smooth skin in about three to 12 months. To improve results, dermatologists recommend incorporating healthy health habits into your skincare routines.