Dark patches on skin or hyperpigmentation is a skin condition in which some parts of the skin become darker in color than the normal skin. These are usually found on the hands, face, or body areas that are frequently exposed to the sun. Some causes of dark patches on skin are post-acne marks, surgeries, hormonal changes, skin cancer to name a few. Medication side effects can also lead to dark patches on skin.
This condition is usually called melasma or pekas. Melasma, is a common pigmentation disorder characterized by the appearance of dark spots on the face. The difference between melasma and pekas however, is that melasma is acquired while the latter is hereditary.
There are several causes of dark patches on skin; the major culprit however, is sun exposure. The use of sunscreen is essential to prevent dark patches on skin. To get the protection that you need, use a sunscreen that offers a broad spectrum coverage – preferably those with SPF 30 or higher, non-comedogenic, and with active ingredients such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide. Apply it daily whether you are inside or outdoors.
Melasma may be resolved with effective medical treatments such as creams, oral treatments, and laser therapy. A dermatologist can provide some options on how to treat this type of skin problem. Topical creams typically work gradually on skin to help decrease the appearance of dark spots on skin. People who want fast and visible results might not opt to try this process. Over the counter creams with alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), retinol may speed up the treatment and promote skin growth but might be too harsh for some skin types. Microdermabrasion treatment uses a device to remove the outer layer of the skin. Another treatment is chemical peeling which exfoliates the skin surface and promotes new collagen growth but these treatments are on the pricier side.
Since melasma or dark patches on the skin is a problem that starts from within, it needs to be addressed from within.
When you look for a treatment for melasma, it should contain Procyanidin or French Maritime Pine Bark Extract. Procyanidin is a super antioxidant. It has studies all over the world for its efficacy in protection of the skin from the damaging free radicals. Find a medicine that has active ingredients that fight the harmful radicals and controls the overproduction of melanin to normal level in skin cells. Always check medicines that are FDA approved.
Lastly, it is always smart to ask your dermatologist’s opinion and make sure to provide all the important information so that you will get the best solution.
***Article submitted by: ayeshaheart.com